The Labor Court procedures may be summarized as follows:
- A plaintiff may file a charge in writing or make verbal allegations in the presence of the Labor Court. If the plaintiff makes allegations verbally, the court has the power to do any investigation necessary, make a record of the allegations and read it out to the plaintiff and have the plaintiff append his signature thereto.
- Where the Labor Court orders the acceptance of a case for adjudication, it shall prescribe the date and time for the first hearing and issue a summons ordering the defendant to come to the court by the time fixed.
- If the parties can reach a settlement, the plaintiff, normally after receiving some money from the defendant, may withdraw the case, or the Labor Court may pass its judgment according to the parties’ settlement.
- In case the Labor Court has attempted reconciliation but the parties cannot come to terms nor reach a compromise, the Labor Court shall order the defendant to make verbal or written testimony. Then, issue of disputes, priority and the date of hearing are fixed by the Labor Court.
- After having examined witnesses as deemed necessary, the Labor Court shall read its judgment or order within three days from the completion of the adjudication. The party who is not satisfied with the Labor Court’s decision may appeal against the judgment or order.